Books and E-Books
On Muslim History and Civilization

Know Each Other

Qur'an 49:13
O mankind!
We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female
And made you into nations and tribes
That ye may know each other (not that ye may despise each other).
Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you.
And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things).


Qur'an 2:177
It is not righteousness
That ye turn your faces toward East or West;
But it is righteousness -
To believe in Allah (The One and Only God)
And the Last Day
And the Angels
And the Book
And the Messengers;
To spend of your substance out of love for Him
For your kin
For orphans
For the needy
For the wayfarer
For those who ask,
And for the ransom of slaves;
To be steadfast in prayer
And practice regular charity;
To fulfil the contracts which ye have made;
And to be firm and patient in pain (or suffering) and adversity
And throughout all periods of panic.
Such are the people of truth the Allah-fearing (God-conscious).

Forgiveness and a Vast Reward for Men and Women

Qur'an 33:35
Lo! men who surrender unto Allah, and women who surrender,
And men who believe and women who believe,
And men who obey and women who obey,
And men who speak the truth and women who speak the truth,
And men who persevere (in righteousness) and women who persevere,
And men who are humble and women who are humble,
And men who give alms and women who give alms,
And men who fast and women who fast,
And men who guard their modesty and women who guard (their modesty),
And men who remember Allah much and women who remember--
Allah hath prepared for them forgiveness and a vast reward.

Modesty: Men and Women

Qur'an 24:30-31
Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty:
That will make for greater purity for them:
And Allah is well acquainted with all that they do.
And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty;
That they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (must ordinarily) appear thereof;
That they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty
Except to their husbands their fathers their husbands' fathers
Their sons their husbands' sons
Their brothers or their brothers' sons or
Their sisters' sons or their women or
The slaves whom their right hands possess or
Male servants free of physical needs or
Small children who have no sense of the shame of sex;
And that they should not strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments.
And O ye Believers! turn ye all together towards Allah that ye may attain Bliss.

No Distinction Between Prophets

Qur'an 3:84-85
Say (O Muhammad): "We believe in Allah and in what has been revealed to us
and what was revealed to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes,
and in (Books) given to Moses, Jesus and the Prophets from their Lord;
we make no distinction between one and another among them
and to Allah do we bow our will (in Islam)."
If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah) never will it be accepted of him;
and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost (all spiritual good).

The Major Sin

Qur'an 4:116
Allah forgiveth not (the sin of) joining other gods (partners) with Him:
but He forgiveth whom He pleaseth other sins than this:
one who joins other gods (partners) with Allah hath strayed far far away (from the right path)..

No Compulsion In Religion

Qur'an 2:256
There is no compulsion in religion.
The right direction is henceforth distinct from error.

And he who rejecteth false deities and believeth in Allah hath grasped a firm handhold which will never break.
Allah is Hearer, Knower.

On Charity

Qur'an 2:219
...They ask thee how much they are to spend (in charity);
say: "What is beyond your needs."
Thus doth Allah make clear to you His Signs: in order that ye may consider.

On Suspicion

Qur'an 49:12
O ye who believe! avoid suspicion as much (as possible):
for suspicion in some cases is a sin:
and spy not on each other nor speak ill of each other behind their backs.
Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother?
Nay ye would abhor it...but fear Allah:
for Allah is Oft-Returning Most Merciful..

On Intoxicants and Gambling

Qur'an 5:90
O ye who believe!
intoxicants and gambling, (dedication of) stones and (divination by) arrows
are an abomination of Satan's handiwork:
shun such (abomination) that ye may prosper.
Qur'an 2:219
They ask thee concerning wine (strong drink) and gambling.
Say: "In them is great sin and some profit for men;
but the sin is greater than the profit."
They ask thee how much they are to spend (in Charity);
say: "What is beyond your needs."
Thus doth Allah make clear to you His Signs: in order that ye may consider.

Forbidden Food

Qur'an 5:3
Forbidden to you (for food) are: dead meat, blood, the flesh of swine
and that on which hath been invoked the name of other than Allah
that which hath been killed by strangling or by a violent blow or by a headlong fall or by being gored to death;
that which hath been (partly) eaten by a wild animal;
unless ye are able to slaughter it (in due form);
that which is sacrificed on stone (altars);
(forbidden) also is the division (of meat) by raffling with arrows: that is impiety.
This day have those who reject faith given up all hope of your religion: yet fear them not but fear Me.
This day have I perfected your religion for you completed my favor upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.
But if any forced by hunger with no inclination to transgression Allah is indeed Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.

All Things Good and Pure Lawful

Qur'an 5:5
This day are (all) things good and pure made lawful unto you.
The food of the People of the Book is lawful unto you and yours is lawful unto them.
(Lawful unto you in marriage) are (not only) chaste women who are believers
but chaste women among the People of the Book revealed before your time
when ye give them their due dowers
and desire chastity not lewdness nor secret intrigues.
If anyone rejects faith fruitless is his work
and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost (all spiritual good)..

Those who wish to understand the specific and broader meaning of the verses of the Qur'an, it is recommended that they should also read commentary on these subjects and verses. The English readers will find either Yusuf Ali's or Maududi's commentaries a good source. Allama Yususf Ali presents the meaning Ayah (verse) by Ayah with detailed footnotes for relevant words in each verse and includes a detailed index of the topics mentioned in the Qur'an. Maulana Maududi's work covers commentary for each Surah (chapter) of the Holy Qur'an.

Pickthall writes in his foreward of 1936: "... The Qur'an cannot be translated. ... The book is here rendered almost literally and every effort has been made to choose befitting language. But the result is not the Glorious Qur'an, that inimitable symphony, the very sounds of which move men to tears and ecstasy. It is only an attempt to present the meaning of the Qur'an-and peradventure something of the charm in English. It can never take the place of the Qur'an in Arabic, nor is it meant to do so. ..."

"The Holy Qur'an," Text, Translation and Commentary by Abdullah Yusuf Ali, 1934. (Latest Publisher: Amana Publications, Beltsville, MD, USA; Title: "The Meaning of the Holy Qur'an," 1992)

"The Meaning of the Glorious Koran," An Explanatory Translation by Mohammed Marmaduke Pickthall, a Mentor Book Publication. (Also available as: "The Meaning of the Glorious Koran," by Marmaduke Pickthall, Dorset Press, N.Y.; Published by several publishers since 1936).


E-Books on Islam and Muslims

Compiled by Dr. A. Zahoor and Dr. Z. Haq, 1990, 1997


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